The artist is Sverchkov
In the second half of the 17th century, court hunting turned into a constant occupation of Russian kings. Huge funds were spent on hunting, it was regulated by clear rules, she had her own traditions and paraphernalia. The king was the legislator of hunting fashion and aesthetics, which was followed by the whole yard. Alexey Mikhailovich was a passionate lover of falcon hunting. From early spring to late autumn, he traveled almost daily in the field. In the “Krechetni” in the village of Kolomensky and the village of Semenovsky, in the “Sokolnichy court” in the Sloboda Sokolniki contained more than three thousand hunting birds. They were served by hundreds of servants-servants. Their clothes that struck wealth, as well as the equipment of birds were decorated with precious stones and golden sewing. Foreigners enthusiastically described the hunt to which the king could invite them as a sign of special mercy. In his picture of the crickets, based on the study of historical works, ancient household items and costumes, the splendor of the royal hunting exit recreated. (E. Sh.)
Electronic catalog “Heroes and villains of Russian history”. SPb, 2010. With. 144.
Alexey I Mikhailovich Tishaykh (March 19, 1629, Moscow − 8 February 1676, Moscow) − The second Russian king from the Romanov dynasty, the son of Mikhail Fedorovich and his second wife Evdokia. He was an active participant in the compilation of the Council Code 1649, who created the legislative framework for Russian society for many decades. Actively attracted foreign experts to Russia, and supported the regiments of the “foreign system”. Under him there was a church split, which led to the strengthening of the struggle of the church and the state with the Old Believers. Conducted active foreign policy. All reign was marked by almost continuous wars, numerous mass social performances occurred: the peasant war of Stepan Razin, copper and salt riot. The borders of Russia have grown significantly during its rule due to its part of Ukraine, Eastern Siberia, the Far East and other territories. Was the father of 16 children from two marriages. The first wife − Maria Ilyinichna Miloslavskaya − gave birth to 13 children, the second − Natalya Kirillovna Naryshkina − 3 children. Three of his sons subsequently reigned: Fedor, Ivan and Peter. Reigned from July 14/24, 1645 to January 29 / February 8, 1676.
The 400th anniversary of the Romanov house. SPb, 2013. With. 110.
Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich (Tishah) (1629-1676) – son of Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich, father of Emperor Peter I. Titular element "The quietest" (translation from the Latin word "Serenissimus", which was included in the title of Roman emperors) was not related to the personality of the monarch, but he was inherited by the Russian kings before Peter I inclusive. From 1645 – king. He was twice married: in Maria Miloslavskaya (1648) and Natalia Naryshkina (1671), which in the future led to a fierce struggle for power between children. During the war with Poland (1654-1667), the original Russian lands returned. He waged an unsuccessful war with Sweden (1656-1658) for going to the sea. In 1654, the reunification of Ukraine with Russia took place. The reforms of Alexei Mikhailovich have largely determined the main directions of Petrovsky transformations. Russian legislation (Cathedral Code of 1649) was improved, church reform, a reform of the army according to the European model were carried out. External forms of Western European culture were actively absorbed, new genres of literature and art arose, a professional theater appeared. At the same time, the country experienced a church split, numerous riots and uprisings. At the turn of the XIX – XX centuries, the era of Alexei Mikhailovich aroused nostalgic interest, since it was seen in it by the embodiment of the national idea.
In the second half of the XVII century, the court hunting turned into a constant occupation of Russian kings. Huge funds were spent on hunting, it was regulated by clear rules, she had her own traditions and paraphernalia. The king was the legislator of hunting fashion and aesthetics, which was followed by the whole yard. Alexey Mikhailovich was a passionate lover of falcon hunting. From early spring to late autumn, he traveled almost daily in the field. AT "Krechetniy" sat down by Kolomensky and Semenovsky, in "Sokolnichy yards" Sloboda Sokolniki contained more than three thousand hunting birds, which were served by hundreds of falconers. Their clothes, as well as the equipment of birds were decorated with precious stones and gold sewing. Foreigners enthusiastically described the hunt to which the king could invite them as a sign of special mercy.
Sverchkov Nikolai Egorovich (1817–1898)-a well-known artist of the 19th century, who has the gift of truthfully and freely portray scenes with horses. He was widely known not only in Russia, but also in Europe, successfully exposing his canvases at exhibitions in Paris, Brussels, London. After the World Exhibition in Paris, the artist was awarded the Order of the Honorary Legion. The natural gift helped Sverchkov to take the place of the artist of the largest Khrenovsky and Chesmensky state horse factories in Russia. In this position, he created a whole gallery representing thoroughbred horses. Famous historian c. And. Koptev in "Essay on Russian horse breeding" (1872) noted: "N. E. Sverchkov wrote many portraits of the famous horseradish trotches, which will forever remain in the eyes of future horse -drawers with prototypes and ideals, from which one should not move away…".
By the end of the 1840s, crickets become recognized by the fashion master in those years "equestrian portrait". He is posed by Alexander III and court dignitaries, generals d. And. Skobelev and a. AND. Boldyrev, Count A. G. Orlov-Chesmensky and Persian Shah Nasrreddin, Marquise of the Traverse and a. I AM. Panaeva. The Academy of Arts orders Nikolai Egorovich a series of paintings dedicated to the history of Russia of the XVI – XVIII centuries. He worked on them for almost twenty years. This work also includes this work. The artist carried passionate love for horses through his life, becoming the founder of the animalistic direction in Russian art.
Left below: n. Sverchkov 1873