The artist is Bocharov
The picture refers to a series of thirty canvases on topics from the life of Peter the Great, which were written on the occasion of the celebration of the 200th anniversary of the emperor in 1872 and were exhibited on the Tsaritsyn Luga (Marse Field). There is no restoration. More about the series >>>
Video film about the picture from the project "30 paintings from the life of Peter the Great" (2022)
After fleeing from the field of the Battle of Poltava, the wounded Charles XII settled in Benders, on the territory of the Ottoman Empire. The Turkish authorities, who accepted him with dignity, hoped that their guest would soon gain strength and return to Sweden to continue the war with Russia. However, Karl made certain efforts to draw his hospitable owners into the war with the Russians. Despite the fact that Peter I had an agreement with Turkey on the expulsion of Charles XII from its territory, the mood at the court of the Sultan changed, and the Swedish king was allowed to remain. The threat of the southern border of Russia was created using part of the Ukrainian Cossacks and Crimean Tatars. Achieving the king, Peter threatened Turkey by war, but in response in November 1710, the Sultan Ahmed III declared a war on Russia, the actual cause of which was the capture of the Russian troops Azov in 1696 and the emergence of the Russian fleet in the Sea of Azov in the Sea of Azov.
March 6, 1711 Peter 1 with Ekaterina left for troops from Moscow. With the rod, the Russian army was surrounded by the Turkish troops, it was defeated, and the emperor himself – captivity or death. There is a version that, covered by despair, Peter locked himself in his tent, refusing to give orders. He allegedly provided the possibility of finding a path to salvation to Catherine, and he himself even began to write a letter to the Senate, in which he proposed in the case of his death or captivity to choose the most worthy of the senators and transfer the crown to him. “Peter decided to break through; But, on the advice of him in the campaign of Ekaterina Alekseevna, – the world suggested. Fearing failure themselves, with the desperate resistance of the Russians, the Turks willingly agreed to make peace. Demanded only the return of Azov. Having already a good fleet in St. Petersburg, the king lost to them Azov and turned back to continue the war with Sweden, along with the allies ”(Peter the Great. Essay on the life of the first emperor of the All -Russian. With. 27.). The conditions of the world were much lighter than those for which Peter was ready.
The picture shows Peter, writing a letter to the Senate in a camp late at night, Catherine enters her husband for an important conversation, after which the situation changed. According to one version, Peter sent parliamentarians to the Turkish camp, on the other – Catherine donated her jewelry to bribe the great vizier.
Elena Kalnitskaya // 30 paintings from the life of Peter the Great. SPb, 2022. With. 142